Like many faculties in Japan, the place most individuals are born with straight, black hair, the Kaifukan Senior Excessive College in Osaka is fussy about college students’ appearances. Perms and braided extensions are off limits, as are dyed and bleached hair.
One brown-haired Japanese-born pupil bumped into hassle when faculty officers, believing that she had flouted the principles, checked her roots and repeatedly demanded that she dye it black. Although the scholar dyed her hair at first, she ultimately stopped complying.
The varsity then eliminated her desk from the classroom, erased her identify from faculty rosters and barred her from a faculty journey. In 2017, when the scholar was 18, she sued the Osaka Prefecture, which runs the college, alleging psychological misery.
On Tuesday, the District Court docket of Osaka ordered the native authorities to pay her $three,100 in emotional damages. The scholar had initially sought $20,780 in damages.
However in an announcement denounced by pupil advocates, the choose additionally dominated that the college’s enforcement of appearance-related rules didn’t run afoul of the legislation, and that there have been “cheap grounds” to consider that the scholar had naturally black hair.
The case set off a nationwide reckoning over invasive faculty guidelines and an outcry towards rules that left little room for pupil individuality. Activist teams began petitions demanding adjustments to guidelines that dictate the size of scholars’ hair, skirts and, in some instances, the colour of their underwear.
Japan isn’t the one nation within the area, nonetheless, to police hair colour in younger ladies. Final yr, two ladies’s soccer groups at Chinese language universities have been barred from taking part in a match as a result of gamers had dyed hair, which was towards the principles. When one participant was judged to not have “black sufficient” hair, she was ordered to depart the sport, forcing her staff to forfeit the match.
Kayoko Oshima, a professor of coverage at Doshisha College in Kyoto, Japan, mentioned in a tv interview on Tuesday that some faculty guidelines have been needed, however that on this case, “the hair steering brought about the lady to keep away from going to high school and took away a studying alternative.” Professor Oshima added, “On this period, when there are world interactions with individuals who have completely different eyes and hair, is it cheap for faculties to ban dyed or permed hair? We now have to rethink.”
In response to a plaintiff’s petition filed in 2017, the scholar’s mom informed the college that her daughter had naturally brown hair. However academics stored urgent the scholar to darken her hair. She utilized black dye so typically that she developed rashes and scalp ache earlier than she stopped going to class in September 2016 due to the stress.
The Osaka authorities argued vice principal had inspected the scholar’s roots and had discovered them to be black, which the college interpreted as proof that she had been coloring her hair.
The scholar, who has not been recognized, couldn’t be reached for remark. Neither may her lawyer, Yoshiyuki Hayashi, who mentioned in a information convention on Tuesday that he would attraction the ruling. He mentioned that the court docket had erred in figuring out that the scholar’s pure hair colour was black.
Within the court docket ruling, Decide Noriko Yokota criticized the Osaka highschool for scrubbing the scholar’s identify from faculty information, saying that “its actions lacked critical legitimacy.” However Decide Yokota rejected the scholar’s declare about her naturally brown hair, including that the rules on pupil look served a authentic goal and that it was cheap for the college to supply “hair steering” and to conduct inspections to verify these guidelines have been adopted.
Within the wake of the lawsuit, the scrutiny utilized to Japanese faculty guidelines has led to modest adjustments in some faculties for the reason that case was filed.
As of 2018, 40 % of public excessive faculties in Osaka Prefecture have reworded guidelines explicitly banning brown or curly hair, changing them with prohibitions on hair that was “deliberately” dyed or permed, Osaka’s training board mentioned. And in 2019, Tokyo’s training authorities barred faculties from instructing college students with lighter hair to dye it black.
The principal of the Kaifukan Senior Excessive College, Masahiko Takashi, mentioned on Tuesday that guidelines for hair look remained the identical at his faculty. He mentioned he would attempt to clarify its intentions to college students and oldsters.
“On the subject of college students with dyed hair, I’ve not modified the requirements for college kids to vary it again to black,” he mentioned at a information convention. “However I wish to take this lawsuit as a lesson and supply fine-tuned steering for my college students.”
Makiko Inoue contributed reporting.